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  Rabbits Housing
Posted by: Majinice - 06-12-2015, 02:19 PM - Forum: Farm Tools, Equipment & Machinery - Replies (1)

Planing to buy rabbits housing cage from china but if there is an alternative manufacturer in Nigeria for commercial rabbits cage, it will be more advantageous.

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  Oil-Palm Plantation: Agribusiness Perspective
Posted by: tjadeniyi - 06-07-2015, 09:02 AM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (10)

Hi House
Want to use this medium to empower youths the necessary info needed to flourish in doing palm oil businesses and other related points majorly on oil palm plantation.

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  can antibiotics be used for laying birds?
Posted by: Aralgreen - 06-01-2015, 08:15 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

hello house i want to know if antibiotic can be used for 22wks old layers. they have taken all their vaccine but 3 days ago i noticed 1 or 2 birds sleeping and inactive which i quarantined and treated but eventually thek died .can i treat d rest with antibiotics

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  Freshest member.
Posted by: Mobenikay - 05-31-2015, 12:22 PM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (5)

Hello all, I was into layers farming for 8 years but now a pig and fish farmer. Mechanical engineer from university of ilorin, farmer from heaven. Currently running a 700+ capacity farrow to finish piggery, and our fish farm has a capacity for 41000+ fishes not stocked to capacity yet but growing steadily. We sell top quality weaner pigs, about to cross gilts, fertile boars, fingerlings/juveniles production will commence in a few weeks.
Lots of valuable poultry experience to share!
Looking forward to learn a lot too.

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  Do we need toxic binder for any poultry feed formulation
Posted by: Ikowa5 - 05-29-2015, 08:16 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (7)

Pls ALL, do we need toxic binder anytime we are self miling our own feed. Somebody told that he only includes toxic binder only when he adds groundnut cake, dat with maize, u dont ve to, pls house what is our individual take on dis?

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  I am new here
Posted by: Whykay - 05-22-2015, 10:05 AM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (6)

Hello Greatest Farmers,
I am into poultry farming I hope to learn a lot here.

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  Whom will i believe? my vet Doctor or Pet drug seller (pet shop)
Posted by: Dare - 05-19-2015, 01:35 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (5)

My vet doctor said I should buy & give EDS (Egg Droping Syndrome) Vaccine to my bird at week 17 & he warn that I must give this vaccine because of its importance if I don't want to have problems when my bird will start laying. But to my surprise when I got to the pet shop they said its not compulsory that the virus that they normally use the vaccine for is no more. The question is, Is EDS (Egg Droping Syndrome) compulsory or not? because the vaccine is the most expensive vaccine. the price is #15,000 for 1000 dose. So, whom will I believe? my vet doctor or pet drug seller & remember that pet drug sellers also are expert in that field.

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  High Quality Agricultural Machine Parts at Incredibly Low Prices!
Posted by: John Kelley - 05-19-2015, 05:41 AM - Forum: Farm Tools, Equipment & Machinery - Replies (1)

TractorTool is committed to prioritizing customer service over all other aspects of our business. They employ teams of highly trained professional staff that has the technical expertise and knowledge to help you with all your queries.

They never compromise on quality, but they will always strive to find the lowest prices for you!

https://www.tractortool.com/

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  How many crates of eggs can one be expecting from 500 layers
Posted by: Dare - 05-18-2015, 05:37 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (9)

How many crate of eggs can one be expecting from 500 layers bird at their peak period

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  How often should lice drugs be given to Layers bird?
Posted by: Dare - 05-16-2015, 11:00 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (10)

How often should lice drugs be given to Layers bird? because I gave Invermetin to my bird a month ago but I still discover that they still have lice in their body.

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  IM NEW HERE
Posted by: Dare - 05-14-2015, 11:32 AM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (7)

My name is Dare, a graduate of business admin from Osun State Polytechnic, Iree. I'm into poultry farming in lagos state, I join this forum to acquire more info about farming & to give my own little contributions where needed. My farm name is KEDOTY FARM

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  EnergyBin Biogas Units
Posted by: srinivaskasulla - 05-04-2015, 08:40 AM - Forum: Agro-Processing - Replies (3)

EnergyBin Biogas Plants - Low cost ready to use PLUG and PLAY modules for all types of biodegardable wastes.
EnergyBin is available in various sizes such as - EnergyBin 250, EnergyBin 500, EnergyBin 750, EnergyBin 1000, EnergyBin 1500 & EnergyBin 2000.
EnergyBin biogas plants can be installed for treating biodegradable waste and converting it to BIOGAS which can further be used directly for Thermal Application or Electricity generation.
EnergyBin 250 Pics - Attached
EnergyBin 500 Pics - Attached
EnergyBin 750 Pics - Attached

For more details visit - http://www.xeonwm.com or
Email: info@xeonwm.com OR srinivaskasulla@xeonwm.com OR srinivaskasulla@gmail.com

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  I am new
Posted by: agrichaven - 05-04-2015, 04:31 AM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (2)

Hello farmers, I am new here. I just started with vegetable farming, cucumber to be precise. Hope to learn a lot here.

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  Pasted Vent: Causes and Solution
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:32 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (3)

Pasted vent is common in chicks but not in adult chickens. It is also called pasting, vent gleet or pasty butt. It is a situation whereby dry droppings seal off the vent of chicks so that they’re unable to pass out droppings. This is a serious condition that needs immediate attention. So it is very important that you always keep an eye out for signs pasted vent. Signs include:
Lack of appetite
Lethargy (weakness)
Huddling near heat source and fluffed up downs.
..
When the downs or feathers around the vent area are stained with droppings, this is not pasting. Pasting occurs only when the vent is sealed off. It is usually unnecessary to clean this off. However, if it is a thick mass of droppings, clean it off.

Causes of Pasting
Pasting can be caused by anything that stresses the chicks or by anything that cause loose/watery droppings. Cold and too high temperature can cause it. Under high temperature, the birds drink more water and this result in loose droppings. Worms, coccidiosis, illness, conditions that cause diarrhea etc can also cause pasting.
Prevention
1. Avoid chilling or overheating by providing the correct brooder temperature for the chicken age. 2. Prevent disease and parasite infections by observing strict biosecurity measures, keep the brooder clean and dry.

Treatment
Remove the dropping blocking the vent. If it is soft, you can simply remove it with a stick. If it is dry and hard, it would require soaking with warm water. Rarely, the dry droppings will extend into the vent. In this case, warm, food grade oil can help loosen the mass so that it can be passed. After removing the past, ensure that you clean and thoroughly dry the chicks before returning her to the brooder, else she might get chilled and the problem will reoccur.

WARNING: Don’t mistake the navel/dried umbilical cord of a new chick for a pasted vent! While the vent is beneath the tail, the navel is further down toward the legs/belly. If you remove the scab over an open navel, the chick will likely die and miserably.
..
If you suspect that the pasting is due to illness, call in a vet for proper treatment.

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  Comparing Fuel Value of Biogas with Firewood, Diesel, Petrol, Kerosene, Cow Dung, LPG
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:24 PM - Forum: Agro-Processing - Replies (3)

The following applies to biogas containing:
..
Methane (CH4): 50-70 vol.%, carbon dioxide (CO2): 28-48 vol.%, other gases: up to 2 vol.%.
..
1 kg firewood = 200 litres (0.2m3) biogas.
..
2. 1 kg dried cow dung = 100 litres (0.1m3) biogas. Note: Some people use dried cow dung as fuel in cooking, e.g. India.
..
3. 1 kg charcoal = 500 (0.5m3) liters biogas.
..
4. 1m3 of biogas is equivalent to 0.45 litre of petrol, 0.55 litre of diesel, 0.60 litre of kerosene, or 0.5 kg of LPG.
..
You can use this data to determine how much fuel biogas will save you. From that you can calculate the worth of your biogas in terms of money.


Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/explore/anae...digestion/



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  Volume of Biogas Needed for Cooking, Electricity and Lighting
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:17 PM - Forum: Agro-Processing - No Replies

Methane (CH4): 50-70 vol.%, carbon dioxide (CO2): 28-48 vol.%, other gases: up to 2 vol.%.
..
1. The gas consumption per person and meal = 150-300 litres biogas.
..
2. Boiling 1 litre of water = 30-40 litre of biogas
..
3. Boiling 1/2 kg rice = 120-140 litres of biogas.
..
4. Boiling 1/2 kg legumes = 160-190 litres of biogas.
..
5. What can 1 m3 biogas do?
..
a. It can illuminate a gas lamp equivalent of 60 W non-electricity saving bulb for about 7 hours, resulting in a light performance efficiency of only 7%, 93% of the energy content is transformed in heat.
..
b. It can cook 3 meals for a family of 5-6 persons.
..
c. It can generate 2 kW of electricity, the rest turns into heat which can also be used for heating applications.
..
d. It is average equivalent to 5.5 kg of firewood.
..
e. It is equivalent to 1.5 kg of charcoal.
..
f. It is equivalent to 0.45 litre of petrol, 0.55 litre of diesel, 0.60 litre of kerosene, or 0.5 kg of LPG.


Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/explore/anae...digestion/



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  Delousing
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:09 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

If necessary, delousing should be carried out by dipping in 0.25 percent weak pesticide (sumithion, malathion or sevin) solutions at 17 weeks, if birds seem to be affected by external parasites. Perform dipping only on hot, sunny days. Take care to avoid dipping the head into the medicated solution. Leave the bird outside after dipping, to facilitate drying by sunlight. External parasite infestation may be prevented by ensuring that the floors are solid without cracks, and painting the wooden supports with a petrol-and-oil mixture or 40 percent nicotin sulphate dilution.

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  Rice: How to Boost Production Massively
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:08 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - No Replies

When rice paddies are flooded in the spring, they can be inoculated with Azolla, which then quickly multiplies to cover the water, suppressing weeds. The rotting plant material releases nitrogen to the rice plants, providing up to 9 tonnes of protein per hectare per year.

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  Weeder Geese
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:05 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

Geese eat grass and weeds as fast as they grow, but do not touch certain cultivated plants. They also add manure to the soil.
Geese seem to be more resistant to diseases than other avian species.
Uses: They can be use for weed control and as guard animals. They can be use to control heavy infestation by water hyacinth. They have exceptional eyesight and wide field of vision. Outsiders cannot calm them to silence. They are also used by the military and in some cases, they replace guard dogs.

Image: http://www.moosemanorfarms.com/about-ame...geese.html
Breeds:
White Chinese geese are the favorites for weeding purposes, or Africans where a larger bird is desired for marketing at the end of the weeding season. These geese are more energetic and active than Toulouse and Emden, although those breeds are also used. The White chinese geese will do less damage to the crop they step on, because of their lighter weight. They lay more eggs and a better guards.
Disadvantage in Developing Areas: They take 2 years to fully mature and they are not prolific layers, except for the Chinese geese. Therefore, their overall reproductive rate is low. Also, the processing of geese is more complicated than the processing of chickens, especially if downs and feathers are involve. Technical skills are needed to pluck the birds efficiently and some equipment may be necessary in order to handle the down and feathers properly.
Stocking: 2-4 geese per acre in row planting. More may be needed in bed and when grass and weed infestation is heavy. It is better to place them in the field when the first grass/weeds starts growing.
Field Management: Day old should be brooded for 6-8 weeks before releasing to the field permanently without shelter.Younger birds can be used if they’ll be sheltered.
Goslings can be turned out on grass within a few days and supplemental feeding of grain started the second week.
Water Trough: Place them in the far end of rows so that the geese will work the full length of rows on their way to drink. Water troughs may be moved occasionally to make birds concentrate their efforts where they are most needed. If there are no trees, provide temporary structures for shade.
Supplemental Feed: Small amount must be provided. 5-20lb a day per 100 birds. Don’t give them too much though.
Grower-mash pellets should be used as supplemental feed until at least 1 weeks of age. After which grain may be used, but it is better to supplement grain with chicken or turkey grower pellets (non-medicated).
Feed them once per day in the evening by scaterring the feed on the ground. This gives all birds the opportunity to feed.
Fencing: High fences are not required as geese seldom fly. A 4-30 inch fence is ok. Poultry netting supported by stakes often is used where temporary fencing is desired. At night, you can prevent animal attack by using light where the geese congregate.
Insecticides: Some insecticidesand are dangerous to them. Fertilizers are also dangerous. Remove them from the field when spraying and do not return them for several days. If there is rain, do not return them until puddles where insecticides have collect disappear into the ground. Herbicides apparently, are not harmful.
Marketing: You can fatten them in a cage before sale. Feed them all the grain they’ll consume 3-4 times a day. Continue for 3-4 weeks until they weigh 10-12lb or more. Growing mash or fattening pellets must be fed with grain for efficient feed conversion.
Next Batch: Carrying geese over from one season to the next is not recommended. Older geese are less active in hot weather than young birds. Adult geese will eat more Johnsongrass roots turned up during tillage than goslings, but are more difficult to restrain from crossing fences. It is usually less expensive to buy goslings in the spring than to carry old birds through the winter.
Crops: Geese can be used for cotton, strawberries, in nurseries, corn, beans, asparagus, mint, beets, hops, onions, potatoes, orchards, groves and vineyard etc. They seems to perform well in crops such as coffee, banana and plantain, as well as kiwi plantation and cotton fields, where chemical control is not practiced or is not possible.
Goose production fit in well with corn production. They will eat young corn plants, so they should be placedin the field sometime after the last cultivation when the corn has been “laid by” (Cultivate for the last time). After corn is harvested, the geese are allowed to remain in the field to pick up shattered grain to fatten for market.
Training: You can train your geese to eat grasses and weeds they don’t normally eat by feeding them the grasses/weeds when they are still young. Alternatively, feed them all the weeds/grasses at a tender age.
Company: As geese are herbivores, you can add a small number of ducks to help control insects, snails and slugs.
You should have a temporary holding pen where they will be kept when there is no grass.



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  Some facts About Biogas
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:03 PM - Forum: Agro-Processing - Replies (2)

1. Biogas usually contains about 55-65% methane, 30-35% carbon dioxide, and some hydrogen, nitrogen and other impurities. Its heating value is around 600 BTU per cubic foot (21 BTU per litre).

2. Natural gas contains about 80% methane, with a heating value of around 1000 BTU per cubic foot (35 BTU per litre).

3. Filtering biogas, or "scrubbing" it, can remove the carbon dioxide and the other impurities, raising the BTU.

4. There are two basic types of digester, batch digesters and continuous digesters. Batch digesters are filled with a mixture of organic wastes and water (slurry) and sealed, and emptied again when they stop producing gas. Continuous-load digesters are fed a daily load of slurry, with gas and digestion wastes produced continuously.

5. Biogas digestion works best at 25 to 35 deg C, 77-95 deg F.

6. One pound (0.45 kg) of cow manure can produce about one cubic foot of gas (28 litres) at around 28 deg C (82 deg F) — enough to cook a day's meals for 4-6 people in India.

7. About 1.7 cubic metres of biogas (60 cubic feet) equals one litre of gasoline (1/4 gallon). The manure produced by one cow in one year can produce enough methane to replace more than 200 litres of gasoline (53 gallons).

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/explore/anae...digestion/



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