Home | Contact | Privacy | About |
This forum uses cookies
This forum makes use of cookies to store your login information if you are registered, and your last visit if you are not. Cookies are small text documents stored on your computer; the cookies set by this forum can only be used on this website and pose no security risk. Cookies on this forum also track the specific topics you have read and when you last read them. Please confirm whether you accept or reject these cookies being set.

A cookie will be stored in your browser regardless of choice to prevent you being asked this question again. You will be able to change your cookie settings at any time using the link in the footer.

Welcome, Guest
You have to register before you can post on our site.

Username/Email:
  

Password
  





Search Forums

(Advanced Search)

Forum Statistics
» Members: 1,497
» Latest member: uqyvepo
» Forum threads: 376
» Forum posts: 1,705

Full Statistics

Online Users
There are currently 32 online users.
» 0 Member(s) | 29 Guest(s)
Bing, Google, Yandex

Latest Threads
Blog o kamagra
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: uqoqoluqe
10-12-2019, 08:28 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 15
Download Feed Formulae fo...
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
10-01-2019, 10:36 PM
» Replies: 63
» Views: 34,077
Controling Damping-off an...
Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming
Last Post: Henlus
09-19-2019, 12:58 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 102
Using Wood Ash as Fertili...
Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming
Last Post: Henlus
09-19-2019, 12:47 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 49
Controlling Pepper Diseas...
Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming
Last Post: Henlus
09-19-2019, 12:40 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 54
Treating Respiratory Infe...
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
09-19-2019, 12:26 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 72
Facts about Goat Health
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
08-30-2019, 01:21 AM
» Replies: 5
» Views: 196
Goat Feed Formulae
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
08-28-2019, 10:12 PM
» Replies: 9
» Views: 323
My Son Wants To Be A Farm...
Forum: General Discussion
Last Post: Henlus
08-28-2019, 06:06 PM
» Replies: 3
» Views: 255
Whiteflies-worst dry seas...
Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming
Last Post: Henlus
08-28-2019, 05:42 PM
» Replies: 2
» Views: 306
A Heart Attack Can Be Pre...
Forum: Off-Topic
Last Post: Henlus
08-28-2019, 05:26 PM
» Replies: 2
» Views: 1,425
Selling Tilapia Fish
Forum: Aquaculture
Last Post: PandaLover
08-28-2019, 06:58 AM
» Replies: 19
» Views: 10,376
I am new
Forum: Introduction
Last Post: Henlus
08-26-2019, 08:01 PM
» Replies: 4
» Views: 2,793
The Dangers of Immoral So...
Forum: Religion
Last Post: Henlus
08-15-2019, 08:33 PM
» Replies: 2
» Views: 1,835
Sheep Feed Formulae
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
08-14-2019, 10:04 PM
» Replies: 4
» Views: 227
fish feeding
Forum: Aquaculture
Last Post: PandaLover
08-13-2019, 07:34 AM
» Replies: 5
» Views: 3,785
Herbs and Organic Acids f...
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
08-05-2019, 10:57 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 151
Bad Poultry Litter Manage...
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
08-05-2019, 10:42 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 139
About Noiler and Kuroiler...
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
08-05-2019, 10:40 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 142
Poultry Farm Biosecurity
Forum: Livestock Farming
Last Post: Henlus
08-05-2019, 10:27 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 126

 
  How to Store Fresh Animal Blood for 1 Week
Posted by: Henlus - 07-31-2019, 10:11 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - No Replies

Blood from slaughter houses are very high in protein, though the amino acid profile is not balanced.

Blood cannot store for long before it starts smelling. So to make it store for 1 week, mix it with 0.7% sulphuric acid (H2SO4). Equivalent amount of other acids can also be used.

Print this item

  Sweet Potato Vines vs Alfalfa for Cattle
Posted by: Henlus - 07-31-2019, 10:08 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - No Replies

Alfalfa is a good quality plant for cattle because of its protein content. But I've not seen it in Nigeria yet. But I came across a site that stated that sweet potato vines and foliage, when dried, compares favourably with alfalfa hay for cattle. So any time you see a cattle feed fmla with alfalfa in it, just know that dried sweet potato vines and foliage is a good substitute.

Print this item

  Growing Cassava for Leaves for Ruminants
Posted by: Henlus - 07-31-2019, 10:02 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

Cassava leaves is a very good source of protein for ruminants (goats, cattle, and sheep). Young leaves contain 28-30% crude protein and older leaves contain about 20% crude protein. They are also rich in vitamins and minerals. Fiber content is high but this is a problem for monogastrics (poultry, pigs) and not for ruminants.

When growing cassava for leaves, they are planted close together to achieve 60,000 plants per hactare. This is equivalent to a spacing of about 60cm x 28cm. When cassava is grown for roots, plant density is about 10,000.

First harvest is done at 4 months after planting and subsequently, at 3 months intervals. Yield of up tp 21 ton dry matter per hactare is achievable per year. Harvest by cutting the stem at 40cm above ground.

Before feeding to ruminants, reduce the toxic cyanide content by chopping and wilting under shade before sun drying. During wilting, turn them regularly to prevent fermentation and spoilage. After wilting, they'll dry quickly under the sun. Another way to reduce cyanide content is by ensiling. Cyanide content of 508mg/kg (with respect to dry matter) have been reduced to 70 7mg/kg after ensiling for 21 days with 5% sugar paln syrup (i.e sugar and water at 1:1 ratio). Some cassava varieties are better detoxified by sun-drying, others by ensiling.

Cassava contains a good amino acid profile, though it is deficient in methionine. For minerals, it is a good source of calcium and trace minerals. Phosphorus abd sodium content is low.

Cassava leaves have been known to reduce nematode (worms) infestation in goats.

Print this item

  Sheep Feed Formulae
Posted by: Henlus - 07-31-2019, 09:56 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

In this post, I'll be sharing some useful feed fprmulae for sheep. I made this collection from various academic researches.

1. Forage Feed Fmla for Lambs


In an experiment with Javanese thin-tail lambs and Kacang kids, a diet of elephant grass and tree legume forage or wilted cassava leaves gave a growth rate of 50g/day ( Javanese thin-tail lambs) and 20g/day ( Kacang kids). Sheep can grow faster than these. But this is still another fmla worth trying out since it is cheap.

If it work for those sheep species, it will probably work for other species, though result may be different.
.
Source: https://www.researchgate.net/publication...k_District.

Print this item

  Goat Mineral Lick Fmla
Posted by: Henlus - 07-31-2019, 09:33 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - No Replies

In addition to grass and concentrate, goats need minerals as they are critical for growth and general wellbeing. Here is a sample mineral lick suitable for goats.

Bone meal: 50%
Trace mineral mix: 10%
Molasses: 5%
Cement: 13%
Salt: 22%
(Seng sokerya and Rodriguez 2001)

Note that goats that have access to lots of diverse plants will likely meet their mineral requirement. But if your goats are penned, they will need minerals to perform better.

Print this item

  How West African Dwarf Lambs Grow
Posted by: Henlus - 07-29-2019, 08:43 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - No Replies

Initially, they grow fast until they reach 5 months old. Then it slows down until adult weight is reached. Growth rate varies from 20 to 200g per day depending on feed quality.

After a period of under feeding, they will grow faster than normal if feeding is improved. This is called compensatory growth.

Print this item

  Goat Feed Formulae
Posted by: Henlus - 07-21-2019, 09:30 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (9)

Below is a feed formulae that can make goats to grow at a rate of 54g per day:
.
70% Gliricidia sepium, 30% Cassava peel (dried under the sun to remove toxin) and salt lick.
.
A 6 months old goat weighing 6.1kg was used in the experiment. When growing at this rate, the goat will gain 19.8kg in 1yr, ataining 25.9kg. When killed and deboned, we'll be left with 13.2kg meat, considering the fact that goats normally have 51% dressing percentage.
.
Pictures of Gliricidia

.jpg   06b276a0e124a9df441b66239589dfa1422012c7_300px.jpg (Size: 161.44 KB / Downloads: 14)
Image source: http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropic...dia+sepium

   
Image source: https://www.feedipedia.org/node/552

The pic below is Leucaena leucocephala from wikipedia. It is another good legume tree for ruminants.

.jpeg   images (1).jpeg (Size: 16.67 KB / Downloads: 14)

Experiment Source: https://books.google.com.ng/books?id=BAG...el&f=false

Print this item

  Goat Feed Formulae
Posted by: Henlus - 07-21-2019, 09:23 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

Below is a feed formulae that can make goats to grow at a rate of 54g per day.
.
70% Gliricidia sepium, 30% Cassava peel (dried under the sun to remove toxin) and salt lick.
.
A 6 months old goat weighing 6.1kg was used in the experiment. When growing at this rate, the goat will gain 19.8kg in 1yr, ataining 25.9kg. When killed and deboned, we'll be left with 13.2kg meat, considering the fact that goats normally have 51% dressing percentage.
.
Pic of gliricidia Source:

Print this item

  My Son Wants To Be A Farmer
Posted by: PandaLover - 07-15-2019, 10:29 AM - Forum: General Discussion - Replies (3)

I just want to share my son's homework the other day. Their teacher asked them what they want to be when they grow old. He drew a farmer because he wanted to be one. When I asked him, he said it's because he loves plants and he wants to take care of them. He also wanted to help people by giving them food using the plants he grew. I just found it really cute. If you have any related stories, please feel free to share!

Print this item

  Paraquate in maize farm
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 04:53 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (1)

Hello all. Pls can I apply paraquat to weeds in a maize farm without bad results? What are the herbicides i can use in a maize farm?

Print this item

  Cigarette spray for fall armyworm control
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 04:49 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (1)

Will it work? Considering the fact that cigarette contains nicotine, a pesticide.

Print this item

  Prunning okra good or bad
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 04:44 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (1)

Just like cucumber and pepper, should okra be prunned to increase yield and prevent them from reaching over 6ft tall?

Print this item

  Safe Insecticides and fungicides to use during harvest
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 04:40 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (1)

I have been searching for safe insecticides and fungicides one can use during harvest time of vegetables. I don't want them to contaminate the produce due to their bad health effect. Pls anyone that knows should list them here.

Print this item

  Dry Season Maize
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 04:32 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (1)

Pls who know the maize variety that will do well during the dry season? In the south east to be specific. Thanks.

Print this item

  Whitefly-resistant plants
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 04:29 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (1)

Good evens. all. Pls who knows plants that can survive whitefly infestation? That pest is a big problem in dry season when farming is more profitable.

Print this item

  Where can i get whitefly sex pheromone?
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 04:25 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - No Replies

Pls does anyone know where I can get whitefly sex pheromone? I want to use it to attract, trap and kill whiteflies. They said it is effective.

Print this item

  Diy Phosphoric Acid
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 04:21 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - No Replies

I have read about the good fungicidal activities of phosphoric acid. So I'm wondering if i can make it myself by combining bone ash (rich in phosphate) and acid. Are my getting it?

Print this item

  Preparing Fertilizer Solution for Plants
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 03:16 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - No Replies

Watering plants with a solution of NPK in water is one of the fastest ways of supplying nutrients to young plants that have not develop enough roots. But what I will like to know is the quantity of NPK needed per liter of water. Too much fertilizer will kill the young plant. Pls can anyone help?

Print this item

  Liquid Manure Killing plants
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 03:10 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - No Replies

I once soak manure in water for 3 days and spray on some plants and those plants almost died. Was the concentration too much or what? Experience farmers pls come in.

Print this item

  Whiteflies-worst dry season pests
Posted by: FarmKing - 05-28-2019, 03:05 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (2)

I noticed that whiteflies are problematic especially during the dry season. What is the best way of controlling them?

Print this item