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  Melange Farming
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-11-2015, 12:21 AM - Forum: Aquaculture - Replies (5)

Catfish farmers normally raise their fish until they attain a weight of 0.8kg or more before they sell. But in mélange farming, catfish are raised to 300-500g (for 2.5-3 months) before they’re sold either fresh or smoked. This method is highly profitable because at such a young age, catfish will grow faster while eating less feed.
It would be far more profitable if you hatch your own fish than when you buy them.

Possible Markets
• You can sell them fresh or smoked to market women that sell fish. They’ll buy in bulk and no packaging is required.
• You can sell them smoked to shops/malls or in offices like the banks, government institutions etc. You’ll get ready customers if it is well packaged.

Giving honor to whom honor is due: I got this idea from a forum friend called Robonski on Nairaland. From his posts and threads I see him as an experience fish farmer. If you have specific questions about this topic, you can contact him for help.

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  Poultry Drugs with No Withdrawal Periods
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-11-2015, 12:11 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

What is Withdrawal Period?
When you give drug to a bird, some of the drug will end up in the egg and flesh of the bird, but after some days it will gradually vanish. Therefore withdrawal period for egg or meat is the time between when you last medicate the birds and the time when the drug can no longer be detected in the egg or meat. Different drugs have different withdrawal period as specified by the manufacturer. If the drug given is also used in humans, then any egg laid between this period have to be thrown away and the bird must not be killed and eaten.

[Image: drugs-and-their-withdrawal-periods.gif]

Why is it Important?
Withdrawal period is observed only when the antibiotic given to birds is also used in humans. If you consume eggs or eat meats from birds that have been medicated with human antibiotic, the low concentration of the antibiotic in the egg or meat might create antibiotic resistance in you. When this happens and if fall ill sometime later, that antibiotic you’re resistant to will not be effective in treating your illness. An antibiotic can cause the bacteria in you to become resistant to some other antibiotics.

Observing Withdrawal Period is Wasteful
The withdrawal period can last for 2 days and for as long as 21 days! This is not much of a problem for meat birds, but for layers it means that all the eggs gotten during this period have to be thrown away! If you give it to your pet it can also lead to antibiotic resistance in them. Because of this great loss, many farmers in third world countries like Nigeria do not observe withdrawal period, but that doesn’t mean it’s not very important.

To help cut the waste, there are alternative antibiotics you can give without throwing your eggs away. These antibiotics have no withdrawal period because they’re not used in humans. Below are a few I manage to find:

Tiamulin: Used against Mycoplasmas. There is zero withdrawal period for eggs.
Hygromycin B: Acts against all 3 worms found in poultry, namely, round, cecal and capillary worms. Apart from chickens, it can also be given to turkeys, ducks, geese, pigeons and quail.

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  Pasted Vent on Healthy Birds - Causes, Prevention and Control
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-10-2015, 11:03 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (6)

Pasted vent occurs when droppings stain the vent of the birds in questions. This is usually a sign that something is wrong and you should take action immediately.
Symptoms
• Diarrhea, whitish droppings, loss of vent feathers, red or bloody vent, soft, swollen abdomen, whitish sores on the vent and/or in the throat, sour crop, weight loss, drop in egg production.
Possible Causes
• Increase pH levels and an imbalance of bad bacteria in the digestive tract. If not taken care of, the bacteria may spread to the reproductive system and as far as the crop, causing sour crop.
• Dirty water, moldy feed, excessive heat, stress, poor health.
Prevention:
• 1 tablespoon/gallon of water of apple cider vinegar.
• Add probiotics powder to their daily feed.
• Give plain, unflavored yogurt occasionally.
Treatment:
• Use probiotics or Apple Cider Vinegar until you see improvement.
• Offer molasses flush (1/2 cup/gallon of water). Replace with fresh water after several hours. The molasses will help flush out the bad bacteria from the digestive tract.
• 2-4 tablespoon/gallon of apple cider vinegar with the mother in it.
• 1 table spoon of plain unflavoured yogurt per bird per day.
• Bloody droppings can be as a result of coccidiosis or necrotic enteritis. This is a serious condition with high mortality rate within a short time. So you need the help of a vet immediately or you can give them a coccidiosis drug.

If you have any questions regarding this writeup, please ask them here.

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  Chicken Infected with Fowlpox Even After Vaccination?
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-10-2015, 10:47 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (6)

Hmm, I was surprise when my birds got infected with fowlpox despite the fact that they’ve been previously vaccinated. We have to revaccinate immediately to prevent further spread. Fowlpox and ILT are the only diseases that can be vaccinated for even when the birds are infected with them.

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  Can Chickens be Given Antibiotics while still on Dewormer?
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-10-2015, 10:44 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (5)

Hello all. I missed when I was suppose to deworm my birds, and now it is clashing with when I’m suppose to give routine antibiotics to prevent Mycoplasma G. infection. So can I give both on the same day?

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  Can Beehives be Sited Close to Other Farm Animals?
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-10-2015, 10:40 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

I’m considering integrating beehives with chickens and rabbits in the future. So I’m wondering if there would be problem if I site behives close to poultry and rabbit pens. That is, problem of bee stings and any other problems.

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  How Much Honey from a Beehive
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-10-2015, 10:36 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

How much honey can you get from a beehive over a period of time? I know it will differ due to difference in feed intake etc, but I just want an average value.

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  poultry housing
Posted by: olajerry - 01-09-2015, 05:49 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (2)

Hi poultry farmers in the house, what is the suitable housing measurement for 350 layers using battery cages.

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  Registered Members should Download These Ebooks
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-07-2015, 12:07 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (5)

1. Ebook #1: Free Range Snail Farming
[Image: FarmersJoint-Snail-Ebook.png]

The free range method of snail farming is cheaper and less laborious than the common intensive method. In this ebook you’ll get a very good idea on how you can build a free range pen, how to keep out predators like ants, lizards, birds etc.

2. Ebook #2: Rabbit Farming
[Image: FarmersJoint-Rabbit-Ebook.png]

I have my eyes on rabbit farming. Why? Because rabbits are prolific – they give birth to up to 7 babies at a go. Not only that, their pregnancy last of only 31 days! At this rate, rabbits can give birth 5 times per year and that’s about 7x5=35 rabbits per year per doe. This ebook covers rabbit housing, feeding, diseases, breeding, butchering for sale etc.

3. Ebook #3: Broiler Farming
If you have problem with excess broiler mortality, you can reduce it if you follow the advice contained in this ebook. You’ll discover a lot of things that most broiler farmers ignore or take for granted.

You can downloads all these ebooks here: Ebooks for Registered members

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  Download Feed Formulae for Various Farm Animals
Posted by: FarmTech - 01-06-2015, 11:50 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (53)

Animals will grow faster when fed diets that meet their nutritional requirement. The nutritional requirements will vary depending on the type of animal, productivity and age. Broiler chicks will have a different feed requirement from grown up broilers. Also cattle will have a totally different requirement from poultry. A cow producing milk will have a different requirement from one not producing milk etc.

To formulate feed that meet the animals’ requirements, different feed ingredients are usually blended in certain proportion to meet the requirement.

The ebook you’re about to download for free contains feed formulae for the following animals:

1. Egg layers (chick starter, grower and layers)
2. Broilers (starter and finisher)
3. Pigs (Sow, weaners and growers/fatteners)
4. Catfish and Tilapia

To download these free ebook, you must have made at least 10 posts in this forum. If you have made up to 10 posts, click on the link below to download the ebook

Download Feed Formulae for Various Farm Animals.

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  Delousing Chicken with Ivermectin
Posted by: FarmKing - 01-06-2015, 12:52 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (3)

Some lice in chickens doesn’t suck blood. Would Ivermectin given orally be effective against such lice?

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  How does commercial chicken farms control lice?
Posted by: FarmKing - 01-06-2015, 12:51 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

Hello fello farmers, how can I control lice? The lice chemicals I know of are pour-ons which you apply individually on the birds. But in a case where you have over 500 birds, do you treat them individually?

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  Probiotics & Antibiotics Question
Posted by: John@ - 01-06-2015, 12:49 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (3)

Pls I just want to know this in case I start tomorrow. After an antibiotic treatment, how long should it take before giving probiotics?

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  How Does Layers Lay Eggs without A Rooster?
Posted by: John@ - 01-06-2015, 12:49 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

I’ve always wonder how commercial egg layers lay eggs without a rooster present. That’s not possible with other animals like goats, sheep, rabbits etc. How is that possible with birds?

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  Weight of Different Egg Sizes?
Posted by: Trimex - 12-17-2014, 07:29 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

Pls how Many Grams Does A Jumbo, Large, Small etc Eggs Weigh? Is that how eggs are sold in Nigeria?

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  Pale Comb in Chickens
Posted by: Trimex - 12-17-2014, 07:28 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (2)

I've seen some egg layers with very pale comb instead of the normal red. What can be the cause? Does it mean it's not a good layer?

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  Layers Feed Consumption?
Posted by: Trimex - 12-17-2014, 07:28 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

Egg farmers, pls how much feed will a layer consume per day for optimum performance?

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  Vaccinating Layers
Posted by: Trimex - 12-17-2014, 07:27 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (7)

What is the best time of the day to vaccinate layers so that egg production will not be negatively affected?

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  Ginger to Chickens?
Posted by: Manger - 12-17-2014, 07:21 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

Do you give gingers to your chickens? What health benefits do you observe?

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  Garlic to Chickens?
Posted by: Manger - 12-17-2014, 07:20 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (5)

Do you give garlic to your chickens? What health benefits do you observe?

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