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  Oviduct Prolapse in Laying Hens
Posted by: FarmTech - 06-13-2015, 01:15 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - No Replies

Prolapse of the oviduct, also called "blowout" or "pickout" is a condition where the lower part of the hen's oviduct turns inside out and protrudes through the vent.

1. Overweight: This lead to muscle weakness and too much fat around the reproductive tract.
2. Underweight: When a bird is underweight, the reproductive tract is not fully develop when laying start.
3. Early Photostimulation: When the birds are photostimulated early in life (before they reach the target body weight and uniformity), they will start laying when the reproductive tract is not fully develop. To prevent this, photostimulate at the right body weight and uniformity. For brown egg layers, it is usually at 1.5kg body weigh and 80% uniformity. You can consult your breeder’s manual for your particular breed of bird.
4. Unbalanced Feed: Lack of calcium can cause poor muscle tone. The muscles in the reproductive tract will be weak and this lead to prolapse. To prevent this, feed the birds balanced feed. It may be commercial feed or the one you formulated yourself.
5. Age: Prolapse is more likely to occur at peak production and peak egg mass.
6. Laying Double-Yolk Eggs: Large egg sizes will weaken the cloacal muscles. If you see more than 4% double-yolked eggs, gently reduce feed intake by 5-10% and do not give supplementary multivitamins.
7. High Light Intensity: Vent pecking is more likely to occur if light intensity is very high. Immediately after laying an egg, part of the cloacal is exposed for sometime. At high light intensity, other birds will peck at it and in worst cases, will pull it out. Not all vent picking is due to prolapse. Bad management practices such as positioning feeders, waterers and roosts in such a way that birds below can peck at the vents of birds above.
You can reduce light intensity by covering windows (for locations with cold climate), using bulbs with lower wattage. You can also darken the nest box with curtains. Isolate vent peckers. You can use low wattage red bulbs to prevent vent pecking.

Correcting Prolapse

When discovered in time, prolapse can sometimes be reversed by applying a hemorrhoidal cream (such as Preparation H) and isolating the hen until it heals. If left unattended, the other chickens will pick at her vent, eventually pulling out her oviduct and intestines and the hen will die.

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  List of Things Chickens Should not Eat
Posted by: FarmTech - 06-13-2015, 01:08 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - No Replies

Let’s make a huge list of things chickens should not eat and reasons why they shouldn’t eat them. Below are my own lists:

Raw Potatoes: Hard for chickens to digest.
Green parts and sprout of potato: Toxic.
Moldy or Rotten Foods: Contains dangerous bacteria that can cause botulism.
Raw peanuts (groundnuts), soybean: Antinutritional content.
uncooked beans: Contains toxic hemaglutin.
Chocolates: It contains theobromine which is toxic.
Avocadoes (mainly the pits and peels): Toxic.
Raw meat: Risk of disease.

Add yours.

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  Importance of Litter Temperature
Posted by: FarmTech - 06-13-2015, 01:05 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - No Replies

Here is an important discovery I made:

Quote:Chicks are unable to regulate their body temperature for the first 72-96 hours (3-4 days) after hatching. If they become chilled either through the floor/litter or other means, they become stressed. This can cause them to become immunocompromised (unable to resist diseases). Growth rate will be higher if you maintain the recommended floor temperature (weight gain will be lower if litter temperature is cooler by as little as 5oF). For birds that were chilled during transportation, you can make them perform as well as un-chilled chicks by using slightly higher brooding temperature than normal (1).

I also think that the best way to easily achieve this without much stress and hassle is by using a gas brooder.

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  Plant can Utilize Organic Matter and Digest Bacteria - Research
Posted by: FarmTech - 06-13-2015, 01:02 AM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - No Replies

It’s not entirely true that plants don’t utilize organic constituents as new research suggests. Plants can also digest larger molecules and even entire bacteria. This knowledge is absolutely groundbreaking. Read for yourself.

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Photo My Relation’s Bitter Leaf Farm in Pictures
Posted by: FarmTech - 06-13-2015, 12:31 AM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (8)

Location: Oraukwu, Idemili North Anambra State.
[Image: bitter-leaf-farm-bitterleaf.jpg]
[Image: bitter-leaf-farm-irrigation.jpg]
[Image: bitter-leaf-farm-pumping-machine.jpg]
[Image: bitter-leaf-farm-river.jpg]
[Image: bitter-leaf-farm-sister.jpg]

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  Rabbits Housing
Posted by: Majinice - 06-12-2015, 02:19 PM - Forum: Farm Tools, Equipment & Machinery - Replies (1)

Planing to buy rabbits housing cage from china but if there is an alternative manufacturer in Nigeria for commercial rabbits cage, it will be more advantageous.

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  Oil-Palm Plantation: Agribusiness Perspective
Posted by: tjadeniyi - 06-07-2015, 09:02 AM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (10)

Hi House
Want to use this medium to empower youths the necessary info needed to flourish in doing palm oil businesses and other related points majorly on oil palm plantation.

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  can antibiotics be used for laying birds?
Posted by: Aralgreen - 06-01-2015, 08:15 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

hello house i want to know if antibiotic can be used for 22wks old layers. they have taken all their vaccine but 3 days ago i noticed 1 or 2 birds sleeping and inactive which i quarantined and treated but eventually thek died .can i treat d rest with antibiotics

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  Freshest member.
Posted by: Mobenikay - 05-31-2015, 12:22 PM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (5)

Hello all, I was into layers farming for 8 years but now a pig and fish farmer. Mechanical engineer from university of ilorin, farmer from heaven. Currently running a 700+ capacity farrow to finish piggery, and our fish farm has a capacity for 41000+ fishes not stocked to capacity yet but growing steadily. We sell top quality weaner pigs, about to cross gilts, fertile boars, fingerlings/juveniles production will commence in a few weeks.
Lots of valuable poultry experience to share!
Looking forward to learn a lot too.

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  Do we need toxic binder for any poultry feed formulation
Posted by: Ikowa5 - 05-29-2015, 08:16 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (7)

Pls ALL, do we need toxic binder anytime we are self miling our own feed. Somebody told that he only includes toxic binder only when he adds groundnut cake, dat with maize, u dont ve to, pls house what is our individual take on dis?

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  I am new here
Posted by: Whykay - 05-22-2015, 10:05 AM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (6)

Hello Greatest Farmers,
I am into poultry farming I hope to learn a lot here.

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  Whom will i believe? my vet Doctor or Pet drug seller (pet shop)
Posted by: Dare - 05-19-2015, 01:35 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (5)

My vet doctor said I should buy & give EDS (Egg Droping Syndrome) Vaccine to my bird at week 17 & he warn that I must give this vaccine because of its importance if I don't want to have problems when my bird will start laying. But to my surprise when I got to the pet shop they said its not compulsory that the virus that they normally use the vaccine for is no more. The question is, Is EDS (Egg Droping Syndrome) compulsory or not? because the vaccine is the most expensive vaccine. the price is #15,000 for 1000 dose. So, whom will I believe? my vet doctor or pet drug seller & remember that pet drug sellers also are expert in that field.

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  High Quality Agricultural Machine Parts at Incredibly Low Prices!
Posted by: John Kelley - 05-19-2015, 05:41 AM - Forum: Farm Tools, Equipment & Machinery - Replies (1)

TractorTool is committed to prioritizing customer service over all other aspects of our business. They employ teams of highly trained professional staff that has the technical expertise and knowledge to help you with all your queries.

They never compromise on quality, but they will always strive to find the lowest prices for you!


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  How many crates of eggs can one be expecting from 500 layers
Posted by: Dare - 05-18-2015, 05:37 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (9)

How many crate of eggs can one be expecting from 500 layers bird at their peak period

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  How often should lice drugs be given to Layers bird?
Posted by: Dare - 05-16-2015, 11:00 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (10)

How often should lice drugs be given to Layers bird? because I gave Invermetin to my bird a month ago but I still discover that they still have lice in their body.

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Posted by: Dare - 05-14-2015, 11:32 AM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (7)

My name is Dare, a graduate of business admin from Osun State Polytechnic, Iree. I'm into poultry farming in lagos state, I join this forum to acquire more info about farming & to give my own little contributions where needed. My farm name is KEDOTY FARM

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  EnergyBin Biogas Units
Posted by: srinivaskasulla - 05-04-2015, 08:40 AM - Forum: Agro-Processing - Replies (3)

EnergyBin Biogas Plants - Low cost ready to use PLUG and PLAY modules for all types of biodegardable wastes.
EnergyBin is available in various sizes such as - EnergyBin 250, EnergyBin 500, EnergyBin 750, EnergyBin 1000, EnergyBin 1500 & EnergyBin 2000.
EnergyBin biogas plants can be installed for treating biodegradable waste and converting it to BIOGAS which can further be used directly for Thermal Application or Electricity generation.
EnergyBin 250 Pics - Attached
EnergyBin 500 Pics - Attached
EnergyBin 750 Pics - Attached

For more details visit - www.xeonwm.com or
Email: info@xeonwm.com OR srinivaskasulla@xeonwm.com OR srinivaskasulla@gmail.com

[Image: target=post;postID=1663147582535142092;o...c=postname]

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  I am new
Posted by: agrichaven - 05-04-2015, 04:31 AM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (4)

Hello farmers, I am new here. I just started with vegetable farming, cucumber to be precise. Hope to learn a lot here.

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  Pasted Vent: Causes and Solution
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:32 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (3)

Pasted vent is common in chicks but not in adult chickens. It is also called pasting, vent gleet or pasty butt. It is a situation whereby dry droppings seal off the vent of chicks so that they’re unable to pass out droppings. This is a serious condition that needs immediate attention. So it is very important that you always keep an eye out for signs pasted vent. Signs include:
Lack of appetite
Lethargy (weakness)
Huddling near heat source and fluffed up downs.
When the downs or feathers around the vent area are stained with droppings, this is not pasting. Pasting occurs only when the vent is sealed off. It is usually unnecessary to clean this off. However, if it is a thick mass of droppings, clean it off.

Causes of Pasting
Pasting can be caused by anything that stresses the chicks or by anything that cause loose/watery droppings. Cold and too high temperature can cause it. Under high temperature, the birds drink more water and this result in loose droppings. Worms, coccidiosis, illness, conditions that cause diarrhea etc can also cause pasting.
1. Avoid chilling or overheating by providing the correct brooder temperature for the chicken age. 2. Prevent disease and parasite infections by observing strict biosecurity measures, keep the brooder clean and dry.

Remove the dropping blocking the vent. If it is soft, you can simply remove it with a stick. If it is dry and hard, it would require soaking with warm water. Rarely, the dry droppings will extend into the vent. In this case, warm, food grade oil can help loosen the mass so that it can be passed. After removing the past, ensure that you clean and thoroughly dry the chicks before returning her to the brooder, else she might get chilled and the problem will reoccur.

WARNING: Don’t mistake the navel/dried umbilical cord of a new chick for a pasted vent! While the vent is beneath the tail, the navel is further down toward the legs/belly. If you remove the scab over an open navel, the chick will likely die and miserably.
If you suspect that the pasting is due to illness, call in a vet for proper treatment.

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  Comparing Fuel Value of Biogas with Firewood, Diesel, Petrol, Kerosene, Cow Dung, LPG
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:24 PM - Forum: Agro-Processing - Replies (3)

The following applies to biogas containing:
Methane (CH4): 50-70 vol.%, carbon dioxide (CO2): 28-48 vol.%, other gases: up to 2 vol.%.
1 kg firewood = 200 litres (0.2m3) biogas.
2. 1 kg dried cow dung = 100 litres (0.1m3) biogas. Note: Some people use dried cow dung as fuel in cooking, e.g. India.
3. 1 kg charcoal = 500 (0.5m3) liters biogas.
4. 1m3 of biogas is equivalent to 0.45 litre of petrol, 0.55 litre of diesel, 0.60 litre of kerosene, or 0.5 kg of LPG.
You can use this data to determine how much fuel biogas will save you. From that you can calculate the worth of your biogas in terms of money.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/explore/anae...digestion/

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